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Full text of "Initial housing element"



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NORTH^CENTRAL FLORIDA REGIONAL PLANNING COUNCIL 







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INITIAL HOUSING ELEMENT 



Prepared by the North Central Florida 
Regional Planning Council under contract 
with the Department of Community Affairs, 
State of Florida. The preparation of 
this report was financially aided through 
a Federal Grant from the Department of 
Housing and Urban Development, under the 
urban planning assistance program author- 
ized by Section 701 of the Housing Act of 
1954/ as amended. 



July, 19 71 

North Central Florida Regional Planning Council 
Five Southwest Second Place 
Gainesville / Florida 32601 



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TITLE: 
AUTHOR: 

SUBJECT: 

DATE: 

LOCAL PLANNING 
AGENCY: 

SOURCES OF COPIES 



HUD PROJECT NO 
SERIES NO. : 
NO. OF PAGES: 
ABSTRACT : 



Initial Housing Element 

North Central Florida Regional Planning 
Council 

Initial Housing Element for Alachua 
County 

July, 1971 



North Central Florida Regional Planning 
Council 

Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and 
Technical Information 
Washington, D. C. 

North Central Florida Regional Planning 

Council 

5 S. W. Second Place 

Gainesville, Florida 32601 

For reference: HUD Regional Library 

Region IV 
Room 6 45 

Peachtree Seventh Building 
Atlanta, Georgia 30323 

P-121-H 



n .a, 



37 



The intent of this study is to identify 
general structural conditions of housing 
in Alachua County, list problems which have 
precipitated unsound housing, formulate 
objectives and recommend implementative 
actions which will alleviate the existing 
problems within Alachua County. The main 
intent of this housing element is to pro- 
vide a base upon which a continuing hous- 
ing program may be constructed with the 
ultimate objective being to provide a 
decent home for every resident of Alachua 
County. 



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CONTEjSITS 

SECTION PAGE 

Abstract ii 

Introduction 1 

Purpose and Scope 4 

Methodology 6 

Statement of Problems 10 

Obstructions to Problem Solving 14 

Planning Objectives 17 

Planning Activities 20 

Implementative Actions 24 

Work Program 28 

Work Elements 37 



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INTRODUCTION 

Alachua County is located in the North Central part of 
Florida and encompasses a land and water area of approxi- 
mately 965 square miles. Prior to World War II, the County's 
economy was primarily agricultural in nature. Because 
Gainesville, the County seat, was located on Florida's first 
cross-state railroad, the City became a principal marketing 
place for a wide agricultural region. After World War II, 
the University of Florida became a significant economic 
factor in the County. Armed with the G. I. Bill, veterans 
returned to school and enrollment increased from an esti- 
mated 3,000 students in 1940 to nearly 10,000 students by 
1950. Current 1970 enrollment is in excess of 22,000 
students. The 1970 population for Alachua County is esti- 
mated at 104,000 people with approximately 64,000 people 
residing within the City of Gainesville. 

Alachua County and its municipalities are presently 
experiencing the problems associated with other rapidly 
urbanizing areas. With the increase in urbanization, 
especially in the Gainesville Metropolitan Area, it became 
evident that problems were becoming regional in scope; 



consequently the City of Gainesville and Alachua County 
formed a regional planning council. The North Central 
Florida Regional Planning Council was created by resolution 
of the Alachua County Commission and the Gainesville City 
Commission in December of 1968. The Regional Planning 
Council is responsible for identifying and recommending 
solutions to problems which have no respect for political 
boundaries. The regional planning concept recognizes that 
the various governmental units located within a contiguous 
geographical area usually share common problems and goals. 

Housing and its related problems are regional in scope. 
Since people move from one place to another without regard 
to political boundaries , the causes of housing problems 
have similarities throughout the region. Unincorporated 
areas, cities large and small, all face the problems of 
deteriorating housing and its blighting influence. By 
studying housing problems on a regional basis, it is antic- 
ipated that a better understanding of the causes and the 
extent of inadequate housing in Alachua County will become 
evident. Plans may then be implemented to alleviate these 
problems . 

A major portion of the substandard housing is located within 
the rural communities of Alachua County. These communities. 



-2- 



therefore, exhibit deteriorating conditions. This, in 
essence, signifies that eventually, unless somothinq is 
done, these communities are likely to become invi-able. 







-3- 



PURPOSE AND SCOPE 

The initial housing element is a reflection of our nation's 
concern for housing every American citizen in a decent home. 
Therefore, the purpose of this element is to insure that 
housing and the problems and obstacles related to housing 
can then be more fully understood and incorporated into the 
comprehensive planning efforts of all agencies in the region, 
Once the characteristics of housing are compiled, it is the 
objective of this housing element to establish a sound 
program design. The Program Design will provide a compre- 
hensive approach to the total housing problem. 

Following is a partial listing of those characteristics 
that comprise the scope of work covered in this initial 
housing element. The preparation of the housing element 
entailed the collection of data and assembly of information 
to provide for the following: 

1. A oreliminary listing of the existing 
housing conditions in the area. 

2. A preliminary listing and ranking of 
problems that have precipitated unsound 
housing. 



-4- 



3. A suiranary of all previous action implemented 
toward solving housing problems within the area. 

4. A preliminary statement of objectives 
to improve the housing quality during 
the next three to five years. 

5. Establishment of an annual work program 
relative to housing for the next three to 
five years. 

While undertaking this housing element, it was found that 
individuals most prone to residing in unsound housing were 
in the low and middle income sectors of the population. 
Therefore, the assumption is that these groups, regardless 
of ethnic background, are the ones most adversely affected 
by the existing housing conditions, spiraling interest rates/ 
and inflation. 

This housing element will hopefully serve as a guide. It 
will call to the attention of all governmental jurisdictions 
the problems responsible for unsound housing within Alachua 
County. 



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METHODOLOGY 

Data on the condition of housing within Alachua County 
was compiled from various sources. Information was made 
available by the Department of Community Development for 
the City of Gainesville, while the Alachua County Health 
Department surveyed the seven smaller communities: Alachua, 
Archer, Hawthorne, High Springs, Micanopy, Newberry, and 
Waldo. Data was also supplemented by a wind-shield survey 
of the seven smaller communities by the Planning Council's 
staff. Due to staff limitations, it was infeasible to study 
scattered rural dwellings located in the unincorporated 
areas of the County. 

All segments of the various studies were correlated in order 
to evaluate housing conditions on a uniform basis. While 
the Alachua County Health Department study used only exterior 
structural conditions to classify housing, the Gainesville 
study used both exterior and interior conditions as their 
standards of classification. After careful consideration, 
the condition of a structure, for relevance in the initial 
housing element, is classified as either sound, deteriorating, 
or dilapidated. 



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Housing Classifications: 

A sound housing structure is defined as one which has no 
defects, or possibly slight defects which are repaired as 
a part of normal and adequate maintenance on a structure. 
Examples of such defects are lack of paint, slight damage 
to porch or steps, inadequate mortar between bricks or 
other masonry, small cracks in walls, broken gutters or 
downspouts . 

A deteriorating housing structure is one that requires more 
repair than would be provided in the course of regular 
maintenance. Housing in this category generally has one or 
more defects that must be corrected if the structure is to 
continue to provide adequate shelter. Examples of a deteri- 
orating structure are open cracks in exterior members; 
rotted, loose or missing materials on the structure; shaky 
or unsafe porch; broken or missing windowpanes ; structure 
is no longer adequate shelter from the elements. Such 
defects are signs of neglect which lead to serious structural 
deterioration or damage if not corrected. 

A dilapidated structure is one that does not provide adequate 
shelter and is a detriment: to the health, safety or well-being 
of the occupants. Housing in this category will have one or 



-7- 



more critical defects of such magnitude that they require 
considerable repair or rebuilding. Some structures are 
now dilapidated because of inadequate original construction 
These defects are either so critical or widespread that 
the structure should be extensively repaired, rebuilt or 
torn down. 



HOUSING CONDITIONS 
TABLE I 


Communities 

within 
Alachua Co. 


punos 


c 
« 
o 

a. 


O) 

c 

CO 

w 

o 

0) 

o 


c 
« 
u 

w 
0) 

Q. 


0) 

(0 
"O 

to 

5 


c 

0) 

u 

w 
0) 

0. 


Total Units 
Surveyed 


Alachua 


165 


28 


161 


27 


267 


45 


593 


Archer 


92 


38 


69 


28 


82 


34 


243 


Gainesville 


1879 


56 


1191 


36 


260 


8 


3330* 


Hawthorne 


122 


33 


82 


22 


168 


45 


372 


High Springs 


309 


38 


230 


27 


288 


35 


827 


Micanopy 


22 


11 


94 


48 


82 


41 


198 


Newberry 


94 


28 


113 


34 


126 


38 


333 


Waldo 


35 


15 


98 


42 


99 


43 


232 


Total Units 
Surveyed 


2718 


45 


2038 


33 


1372 


22 


6128 


Total D.U.'s in 
Alachua Co.** 














33147 



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Current housing data for Alachua County's incorporated 
communities is summarized in Table I. As depicted in 
Table I, a large portion of Alachua County's housing falls 
in the deteriorated and dilapidated categories. 



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STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS 

A number of different factors contribute to the quality 
of housing in an individual structure, or neighborhood, of 
the community. In surveying Alachua County, the physical and 
environmental conditions that affect the quality of housing 
covered a wide spectrum. A listing and ranking of problems 
and conditions which have precipitated the existence of un- 
sound housing is emphasized. The following housing and 
housing related problems are listed in order of their 
importance. 

1. Presently there are a large number of 

deteriorating and dilapidated housing units 
within Alachua County. Of the units surveyed 
in the County, approximately 2,038 or 33% were 
classified as deteriorating. The housing units 
classified in the dilapidated condition numbered 
approximately 1,372 or 22% of the total units 
surveyed. (See Table I) The highest concentration 
of unsound housing outside the City of Gainesville 
was found in the towns of Micanopy and Waldo, 
where over 80% of all housing units were classi- 



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fied as deteriorating or dilapidated. It 
was also evident that over 50% of all housing 
in the seven smaller communities was classified 
as either deteriorating or dilapidated. 

2. The majority of deteriorating and dilapidated 
housing is occupied by two economic minority 
groups — the Black and the elderly. Experience 
in Alachua County has demonstrated that unsound 
housing is directly related to low incomes 
caused by a complex interrelationship of social 
factors such as lack of education, unemployment, 
underemployment and fixed incomes in an inflation- 
ary economy. 

3. There exists a lack of adequate public facilities 
in the communities located within the County. All 
seven smaller communities are without a central 
sanitary sewer system. The City of Gainesville 
does have a central sanitary sewer system, but to 
date many residents have been unable to afford the 
cost of the initial hookup. 

4. Many of the smaller communities in Alachua County 
do not have up-to-date building codes, zoning 



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ordinances, and subdivision ordinances. Even 
in communities where codes have been enacted, 
often there is a lack of trained personnel 
necessary for effective code enforcement. 

5. To date unpaved streets, inadequate drainage 
facilities and poor subdivision platting 
practices are factors found evident where un- 
sound housing exists. 

6. The absence of adequate neighborhood facilities 
limits the amenities of the living environment 

in the County. Many of the recreation facilities 
need to be improved and/or expanded and new 
facilities should be added. 

7. Environmental deficiencies add to the blighting 
influence in areas of unsound housing. There 
were approximately 765 abandoned automobiles in 
the seven smaller communities, while in Gaines- 
ville there were approximately 691 abandoned 
automobiles in 1967. The City of Gainesville has 
underway a program which eliminates approximately 
200 abandoned automobiles a year while the stock 
is constantly being replenished. (See Table II) 



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ENVIRONMENTAL DEFICIENCIES 
TABLE II 


Local 
Community 


Rubbish 


Old 
Autos 


Privies 


Alachua 


76 


213 


86 


Archer 


84 


50 


26 


Hawthorne 


92 


91 


43 


High Springs 


210 


109 


39 


Micanopy 


28 


151 


39 


Newberry 


65 


55 


101 


Waldo 


11 


96 


22 


Totals *** 


566 


765 


353 



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OBSTRUCTIONS TO PROBLEM SOLVING 

The obstructions influencing the perpetuation of unsound 
housing in the County must be analyzed as the first step 
in solving the housing problems. In the past, many 
obstructions have deterrred the provision of a variety 
of housing types, employment opportunities and recrea- 
tional space. A full understanding of these impediments 
is necessary before meaningful solutions can be developed. 

1. A large portion of the deteriorating and 
dilapidated housing units within the smaller 
communities can be directly attributed to the 
lack of a minimum standard housing code. 

2. There is a lack of current, in-depth infor- 
mation concerning housing and housing-related 
problems. Studies have been completed that 
give general indications as to the scope and 
magnitude of housing problems, but specific 
information detailing economic and social con- 
ditions, etc. causing these problems is needed 



-14- 



3. There is currently no regional plan in existence 
for a program of housing improvement. Due in 
part to the above, there is no coordination among 
the individual communities in the County toward 
establishing policies regarding the solution of 
the housing problems. 

4. While preliminary planning and engineering feas- 
ibility studies for public facilities have been 
undertaken, little implementation has been accom- 
plished. The increasing demand for municipal 
facilities, and the absence of a corresponding 
increase in revenues, has placed increasing 
responsibilities on many municipal budgets. 

5. Problems attributed to minority groups and 
solutions related to solving the quality and 
quantity of housing have not received priority 
in funding. Again, in many communities, local 
revenues are so encumbered that the community 
cannot contribute its financial share toward a 
project. 



-15- 



6. Even in Gainesville where a Minimum Standard 
Housing Code Program is in progress, the up- 
grading and renovation of substandard housing 
is a slow process. This fact can be attributed 
to the financial inability of many homeowners 
to pay for needed repairs. 

7. Although certain trends were derived from analysis 
of available data, areawide data concerning the 
supply and demand for low cost housing is 
inadequate . 

8. Many of the smaller communities lack the necessary 
governmental machinery vital for planning and 
implementation of various housing programs. In 
addition, the smaller communities within the 
County also lack the legal authority necessary to 
construct needed housing. 

9. Limitation on dwelling types throughout the County 
is also a problem. Due to a lack of up-to-date 
zoning ordinances in the smaller communities, 
various types of housing, trailers, modules, etc. 
are not allowed. • 



-16- 



PLANNING OBJECTIVES 

Meaningful objectives for housing-related activities/ 
based on considerations of the entire County, are listed 
so that the accompanying work program can be designed to 
correct and alleviate the housing problems identified 
previously. In stating these objectives, it is important 
to remember that the Regional Planning Council does not 
serve one discrete governing body, but a conglomerate of 
such bodies who participate on a voluntary basis. Through 
this procedure it is envisioned that the Regional Planning 
Council will function primarily in a coordinating capacity. 
Through total coordination of all projects within the 
County, it is anticipated that the Council will be able to 
assist all communities in an advisory capacity, thus stressing 
the coordination function in hopes of eliminating unnecessary 
duplication and expense. The objectives set forth will 
help ameliorate housing problems by providing information to 
and aiding the local communities in meeting specific community 
housing objectives. 

1. Encourage the elimination of all dilapidated 
housing while simultaneously eliminating or 



-17- 



bringing up to standard as many deteriorating 
units as possible. An evaluation of the need, 
not only for replacement housing, but also 
additions to the housing stock should be provided. 
Maintenance of a current file on housing stock 
in the communities of the County will enable 
continuous assessment of unsound housing. 

2. Maintain current estimates of housing needs for 
communities within the County. This file should 
be coordinated so that local community problems 
may be readily matched with housing data. 

3. Encourage solutions to the problem of inadequate 
public facilities by urging local communities to 
undertake comprehensive water and sewer plan 
coordinated on a county-wide basis. 

4. Provide guidance and assistance in drafting or 
revising needed housing-related codes and ordin- 
ances. Such a program coordinated by the Regional 
Planning Council would aid local communities in 
developing modern community development standards 
which would insure a uniform level of development 
throughout the county . 



-18- 



5. Make available local planning assistance, per 
request, to the region's communities in their 
assessment of their housing and housing-related 
problems. This could be accomplished by such 
studies as a Neighborhood Analysis, Community 
Facilities Plans, or various types of trans- 
portation and environmental studies. 

6. Assist all local governments and applicable 
private organizations in negotiations with the 
federal government in securing housing funds. 

7. Develop policies and techniques to stimulate 
new construction of low and moderate income 
housing units, when possible, in both the 
sales and rental categories. 



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PLANNING ACTIVITIES 

Local and regional planning organizations have completed 
or have underway the following programs that will directly 
or indirectly affect housing and the quality of the housing 
environment within Alachua County. 

A. Past Planning Activities 

1. Creation of the North Central Florida Regional 
Planning Council by joint resolutions of the 
Alachua County Commission and the Gainesville 
City Commission, December 196 8. 

2. Alachua County has completed the following 
studies : 

a. Land Use: Survey and Analysis, Alachua 
County Zoning Districts, January, 1963. 

b. Population and Economic Study, Alachua 
County Zoning Districts, February, 1963. 

c. Major Road Plan, Alachua County Zoning 
Districts, March, 1963. 

d. Land Use Plan, Alachua County Zoning Dist 
August, 1963. 



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e. A Comprehensive Areawide Plan for Water 
and Sewer Development, (background studies) 

f. Comprehensive Areawide Plan for* Water and Sewer 
Development - Part Two - Comprehensive Water 
and Sewerage Plan November, 196 7 . 

g. A Preliminary Study on a Comprehensive 
Drainage and Flood Plain Designation for the 
Metropolitan Gainesville Area November, 1969 

h. Alachua County Health Department Community 
Block Survey, Spring, 1969. 

3. In addition to a complete housing inspection 

program now underway, the City of Gainesville's 
Department of Community Development has completed 
the following studies with relation to housing: 

a. Physiographic Study 

b. Population Study 

c. Community Facilities and Recreation Study 

d. Economic Base Study 

e. Land Use Analysis Study 

f. Land Use Classification Guide 

g. Commercial Study 
h. Industrial Study 

i. Housing Survey of Low and Moderate Income 

Areas (unpublished) 
i . Land Use Plan 



-21- 



B. Future Planning Activities 

1. The following comprehensive planning activities 

for Alachua County and its municipalities will be 
administered by the North Central Florida Regional 
Planning Council. 

a. A Comprehensive Planning Program is to be 
undertaken in fiscal year 1970-71. This 
program will include the development of an 
Overall Program Design. The Program Design 
will outline proposed activities and studies 
to be undertaken by the Regional Planning 
Council . 

b. Begin a Base Mapping Program for each 
municipality. Coordinate aerial and topo- 
graphic mapping program for the Gainesville 
Urban Area. 

c. Establishment of a data bank system, in con- 
junction with the transportation study, for 
the metropolitan area. Hopefully this system 
will be expanded to encompass the remainder 
of the County. 

d. Analyze the 1970 Census data. Special 
emphasis will be directed towards housing and 
housing-related conditions. 



-22- 



e. Coordination of the Gainesville Urban 
Area Transportation Study. 

f . Coordination of the Gainesville' Urban 
Area Drainage Study. 

g. Development and maintenance of a Regional 
Information Library. 

h. Undertake a Future Housing Requirements 
Study, directed towards the questions of 
housing demand by type, by income ranges 
and sale or rental price as needed for 
each local community. 

i. Initiate and coordinate an Operation 

Breakthrough project in Alachua County if and 
when funds are allocated by the State and 
Federal agencies. 



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IMPLEMENTATIVE ACTIONS 

Imp lament at ive actions which have taken place prior to 
this element and a list of future actions necessary to 
implement the planning process are outlined herein. 
These actions encourage the attainment of an overall 
reduction in the number of substandard housing units, 
while simultaneously striving for a decent home for 
every resident of the County. 

A. Previous Actions 

1. Creation of the Gainesville Public Housing 
Authority by the City Commission in August 
of 1966. To date, the Housing Authority 
has completed 515 housing units within the 
urban area. 

2. Recognized by the Department of Housing and 
Urban Development in January 1969, the Alachua 
County Public Housing Authority has authorized 
the construction of 200 single family units 
within the County. The County Housing Aathor- 



-24- 



ity provides the smaller communities the 
machinery for construction of low-cost 
housing. 

3. In May of 1965, the City of Gainesville 
employed a full-time Housing Inspector 
for the City of Gainesville. 

4. Continued expansion of the recreational 
facilities in the low-income areas has been 
implemented by means of a Tot-Lot program. 

5. The City of Gainesville has received recerti- 
fication of its Workable Program for community 
improvement through the Department of Housing 
and Urban Development. This is an asset to 
the City of Gainesville since a certified 
Workable Program is a prerequisite for many 
HUD-assisted housing-related programs. 

6. In all of the local communities codes and 
ordinance programs pertaining to housing have 
been recognized. This is but one indication 
of the desire of the citizens of the local 



-25- 



communities to better the community in which 
they reside. 

7. Alachua County employed a full-time Zoning 
Administrator who processes zoning applica- 
tions and serves as staff to the Alachua 
County Planning and Zoning Commission. 



B. Future Actions 



1. The Alachua County Public Housing Authority 
began construction on 200 housing units in 
1970. The 200 units are located in the Cities 
of Alachua, Hawthorne, Archer, Newberry and 
Waldo. 

2 . Continued expansion of the housing supply 
sponsored by the Gainesville Housing Author- 
ity. Leased housing, mobile homes, and turn- 
key projects will help increase the housing 
supply for low-income groups . 

3. Gainesville's Department of Community Develop- 
ment is currently in the initial stage of a 



-26- 



Community Renewal Program, CRP, for the City. 

4. The Gainesville Housing Authority' will make 
application for additional low-income housing 
during fiscal year 1970-71. 

5. The Alachua County Housing Authority expects 
to request an additional 400 units, of which 
100 units will be for the elderly. These 
projects will be located throughout Alachua 
County. 

6. Encourage private developers to provide 
continuing production of low-moderate income 
housing units for sale at the previously 
established rate of 175 units annually. 



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WORK PROGRAM 

This section of the Initial Housing Element provides a 
workable program which the Regional Planning Council and 
its participants can utilize as a guide during the years 
1970-75. The program presented herein has as its basis the 
combined and interrelated analysis of the problems, ob- 
structions, and planning objectives of the entire Alachua 
County area. It is designed in such a manner that the program 
reflects no arbitrary geographical division of the planning 
area and is purposefully intended to be regional in scope - 

For easy reference, the work elements of the program are 
graphically illustrated by a chart appearing at the end of 
this study. The following housing-related elements are 
arranged in a sequential order constituting a five-year 
program that will be harmonious with the Regional Planning 
Council's Overall Work Program. 

All weighting of the various work elements, with respect to 
estimated costs involved, were based on the anticipated 
utilization of the staff members of the North Central Florida 
Regional Planning Council. It should be noted that the 



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assigned dollar values and time periods involved are only 
estimated totals. The estimates therefore reflect the 
generalized proposals of the project scope, which have been 
outlined and discussed previously, and in no way reflect 
greatly detailed individual study guides. The costs figures 
are intended to serve only as broad indicators of needed 
budgetary resources. 

The individual elements of the housing-related program are 
outlined and discussed in the following text. 

Basic Work Elements 

A. Regional Land Use Survey 

B. A Regional Housing Data File 

C. Individualized Studies 

D. Population and Economic Study 

E. Analysis of 1970 Census Data 

F. General Housing Plan 

G. Continuing Phases 

Regional Land Use Survey 

During the first year of the program, initial efforts should 
be directed towards undertaking a land use survey of Alachua 
County. The survey will locate, count and record the condition 
of all housing units in the County. The end result being a 



-29- 



color-coded inventory of all existing housing units and 
their relationship to other existing land uses. 

In addition to the above information, interviews and other 

field work should be coordinated with the recent census 

information and included as part of the land use inventory 
classifications . 

It is estimated that the staff, over a period of one year, 
can effectively and efficiently conduct this portion of the 
program. Budgetary requirements for this element should 
not exceed a cost of 18,000 dollars. 

Regional Housing Data File 

The various work elements outlined previously will serve 
as inputs to the regional housing data file. Information, 
both gathered and generated, will demonstrate where the 
housing and housing-related problems exist. 

Once established, the continuing maintenance of this 
fundamental file of information, coupled with the formula- 
tion of a general housing plan, will enable the Regional 
Planning Council to keep constantly abreast of the housing 
situation in the County. The file will provide the local 
communities with information on their housing needs. It 



-30- 



will also provide information on what programs are avail- 
able for housing, what the requirements might be and the 
eligibility of the local community for such a -project. 

Organizations, housing authorities and private developers 
seeking to sponsor housing development by utilizing govern- 
mental supplement programs can be given positive and accu- 
rate guidance in determining the housing demand. 

The initial work involved in establishing the recommended 
regional housing data file should require an expenditure of 
some 4,500 dollars. Once operational, the continual main- 
tenance of the file should be absorbed in the clerical 
portion of the Council's budget. 

Individualized Studies 

As has been the policy in the past, the Regional Planning 
Council will continue to aid local communities in special 
studies and grant information. With the continuation of the 
Data File, acting as a source of information, the Regional 
Planning Council will be in a position to aid the County and 
its local communities in establishing practical, housing- 
related objectives. Individual studies might include neigh- 
borhood analysis, environmental studies, detailed land use 



-31- 



studies of special areas, and possible community facilities 
plans. The Planning Council could also develop a set of 
criteria on site locations and possibly establish guide- 
lines for residential land utilization. These guidelines 
could possibly supplement subdivision regulations depending 
upon the individual communities needs. 

It is impossible to assign a dollar value to this element. 
This service is to be performed by the Regional Planning 
Council staff when the local communities request assistance. 
With the refinement of the data, undoubtedly major study 
points will be uncovered and work can begin on these critical 
areas of concentration. 

Population and Economic Study 

In the preliminary investigations, it became evident that 
there is currently a lack of usable information concerning 
the population and economic status of the smaller communities 
As part of the Regional Planning Council's overall work 
program design, a regional population and economic study is 
proposed. Strong emphasis will be directed towards the root 
causes affecting unsound housing. By means of employment 
forecasts and opportunities, economic activity forecasts, 
various population projections, the need for better housing 
within the County should become more apparent. Included in 



-32- 



the economic study will be an investigation of the local 
communities ability to finance future projects. This should 
be compared with their current financial aids' programs to 
determine that housing projects could be reasonably undertaken, 

The scheduling of such studies should occur about midway 
through the program and entail a year's work. Total costs 
for this element should run approximately 20,000 dollars. 

Analysis of 1970 Census Data 

Early in 19 71 and continuing through the year, final tabu- 
lations and various other census data will be made available 
to the North Central Florida Regional Planning Council and 
other groups requesting it. The Census results should pro- 
vide the staff with rent levels, accompanying economic 
factors, population base, housing costs, and housing unit 
values for the County and several communities in Alachua 
County. Hopefully, the Census information will provide known 
base information and will serve as a cross check on informa- 
tion gathered by the staff. 

A staff member should be ready to begin work on the Census 
data when it is made available. In working coordinately on 
other aspects of data gathering, an initial outlay of some 



-33- 



10,000 dollars will be required. 

General Housing Plan 

The General Housing Plan as it is presently perceived will 
be produced at the end of the five year work program. During 
the years preceeding the General Housing Plan, a series of 
"white papers" should be circulated for the purpose of publi- 
cizing the past and current housing-related information and 
recommendations developed to date. 

The Plan itself should present an assessment of the total 
regional housing situation, as reflected by current progress 
on updating the Housing Data File and other obtainable infor- 
mation. It should point the way to achieving goals such as 
adequate housing for all residents of the County, elimination 
of housing deficiencies, and provide for livable communities 
with open space. 

In assessing the value of such a project, it is important 
to remember that, unlike Gainesville, Alachua County and its 
seven smaller communities now lack up to date development 
plans to guide harmonious growth in the future. 

Since the final plan is, in reality, an accumulation of the 



-34- 



previous work elements, the timing of the final product will 
begin with the field work. Costs through the first four 
years of the project, therefore, will be absorbed in the 
previous work elements. During the final year, a cost of 
some 10,000 dollars should be allocated for the final summary 

Continuing Phases 

In order to adequately serve Alachua County and its communi- 
ties, it is of necessity that the continuing phases of all 
the work elements discussed previously be kept up to date. 
Housing problems within the County will not terminate with 
the conclusion of the five year work program. Re-evaluation 
of all work, completed and proposed, must be a continuing 
process. 

In order to keep abreast of the housing problems in the 
region, the Regional Planning Council proposes to continue 
the various elements, along with the additional timely 
projects to help alleviate the housing and housing-related 
problems in Alachua County. 

Included in the continuing phase will be the added assistance 
to the local communities in securing the necessary Federal 
funding. Through work accomplished and proposed, it is 



-35- 



anticipated that the local conununities will be capable of 
contributing towards the needed improvement of the housing 
stock within the County. 



*Units surveyed were suspect to poor housing in area and 
surveyed for purpose of justifying urban renewal treatment. 

**Florida Statistical Abstra ct, University of Florida, 1969, 
P. 194. 

***"Community Block Survey," Alachua County Health Department, 
Spring 1969. 



-36- 



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-37- 




OFFICERS 

Clayton C. Curtis, Chairman 

Jack Durrance, Vice-Chairman 

E. G. Cann, Secretary-Treasurer 



ALACHUA COUNTY 



Jack Durrance 
Ralph Kluge 



Roy Miller (ex-off.) 
Harlan Hanson (ex-off J 



CITY OF ALACHUA 



Ptan 
Oocf 



H. Cato 



George Duke 



CITY OF GAINESVILLE 



N. A. Butler 
C. C. Curtis 
L. C. Hodge, Jr. 



N. J. Bowman (ex-offj 
G. A. Hardin (ex-offj 



CITY OF HAWTHORNE 
C. H. Bell J. w. Phillips 



m 



Alachua Catant j 



JjEfci^l ^fam,ng ^ fimfflut - TQ7 1 



DATE DUE 



BORROWERS NAME 



CITY OF HIGH SPRINGS 
E. G. Cann Wtn. E. Wright 

LIAISON REPRESENTATIVES 



North Central Florida 
Health Planning Council 

Governors Council on 
Criminal Justice - Region II 



Richard M. Fry 
(ex-off icio) 

Henry Lovern 
(ex-off icio) 



The North Central Florida Regional Planning 
Council was created late in 1968 by resolu- 
tions of the Alachua County Commission and 
the Gainesville City Commission. (Creation 
of Regional Planning Councils is authorized 
by Chapter 160 of the Florida Statutes, as 
ammended.) The Cities of Alachua, Hawthorne 
and High Springs were invited to participate 
in the Council. Councilmen were appointed 
soon after the agency became official and 
they proceeded to formulate and adopt rules 
of procedure as well as recruit a staff. 
The Executive Director and the secretary 
were employed and an office opened in Gaines- 
ville July 1, 1969. 

By July 1971, the full-time Council staff 
had grown to a total of six. This staff of 
professional planners and clerical personnel 
has undertaken the preparation of an Overall 
Program Design, the Initial Housing Element 
and a Preliminary Base Mapping Program. In 
addition, the Council is coordinating a 
Gainesville Metropolitan Area Drainage Study 
as well as doing the local work and coordina- 
tion on the Gainesville Urban Area Transpor- 
tation Study. 



I 
I 
I 

a 



COUNCIL STAFF 
JULY 1971 



Richard D. Tarbox 
Gary E. Koepke 
Philip J. Hughey 
Sheila A. Brennan 
Naoma J. Sassier 
Diane B. Haight 
Marjorie L. Summers 
Richard C. Gillett 
Craig W. Heyl 
Dale E. Walton 



Executive Director 

Regional Planner 

Planner 

Admin. Secretary 

Admin. Secretary 

Research Secretary 

Graphics Coordinator 

Planning Technician 

Planning Aide 

Planning Aide